We all intuitively understand the difference between musical and linguistic, or spatial and mathematical intelligences, for example.
They may study better with music in the background.
Isabel Myers and Katherine Briggswho created the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and founded the Association of Psychological Type, applied Jung's work and influenced a generation of researchers trying to understand specific differences in human learning.
Most models consider learner characteristics as media may be differentially effective for different learners. Our approximate breakdown of the percentages of people with strengths in each style is as follows: They can be taught through independent study and introspection.
Howard Gardner spells out the difference between the theories this way: They can be taught by turning lessons into lyrics, speaking rhythmically, tapping out time. Coach, Counselor, Salesperson, Trainer. Bodily-kinesthetic — use the body effectively, like a dancer or a surgeon Keen sense of body awareness.
They can be taught through group activities, seminars, dialogues. Most of us, however, already have a way of explaining individual differences between Monet and Picasso, Martha Graham and Gene Kelly, or between different students in our classrooms: Moreover, Gardner's seven intelligences are not abstract concepts, but are recognizable through common life experiences.
They like to draw, do jigsaw puzzles, read maps, daydream. Each theory responds to the weaknesses of the other; together, they form an integrated picture of intelligence and difference. Activities suggested can and should be used for all types of learners, lessons should be designed to have all types of activities.
The broad spectrum of students - and perhaps the society as a whole - would be better served if disciplines could be presented in a numbers of ways and learning could be assessed through a variety of means.
They like reading, playing word games, making up poetry or stories. Visual media help students acquire concrete concepts, such as object identification, spatial relationship, or motor skills where words alone are inefficient. Motion is used to depict human performance so that learners can copy the movement.
Several models suggest a procedure which categorizes learning outcomes, plans instructional events to teach objectives, identifies the type of stimuli to present events, and media capable of presenting the stimuli.
In the 20th century, two great theories have been put forward in an attempt to interpret human differences and to design educational models around these differences. Research, however, does suggest that providing students with multiple ways to learn content improves learning Howard Gardner of Harvard has identified seven distinct intelligences.
Multiple Intelligences Howard Gardner of Harvard has identified seven distinct intelligences. Mechanic, Trainer, Contractor, Craftsperson, Tool and Dye Maker Interpersonal The ability to use the body to build rapport, to console or persuade, and to support others.
Educators should help students discover their unique profiles, as well as a balance of styles. One model advocates a behavioral approach so that media is chosen to elicit responses for practice. A didactic method appears and renovates when there are preconditions for this. Someone with high visual-spatial intelligence, such as a skilled painter, may still benefit from using rhymes to remember information.
According to this theory, "we are all able to know the world through language, logical-mathematical analysis, spatial representation, musical thinking, the use of the body to solve problems or to make things, an understanding of other individuals, and an understanding of ourselves.
Emerging from a tradition that viewed style as relatively permanent, many learning-style advocates advised altering learning environments to match or challenge a learner's style. Perhaps one day, Gardner's work on the "jagged profile" of combined intelligences or, perhaps, his insistence on the importance of context will produce a new understanding of intelligence.
Logical -Mathematical — reasoning, calculating Think conceptually, abstractly and are able to see and explore patterns and relationships. However, individuals may not be able to assign a category to their behaviour; they may give responses which are socially desirable and they may feel constrained by the predetermined format of the test Coffield et al a; b.
A distinction is drawn between verbal sound and non-verbal sound such as music. They have many friends, empathy for others, street smarts.The theory of multiple intelligence suggests that there are actually 8 different types of intelligence.
Learn more about the theory and the types. The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. See What the Research Says. Article. Kolb's Theory of Learning Styles.
Article. Social Comparison Theory in Psychology. Article. The Theory of How. Multiple Intelligences Howard Gardner of Harvard has identified seven distinct intelligences. This theory has emerged from recent cognitive research and "documents the extent to which students possess different kinds of minds and therefore learn, remember, perform, and understand in different ways," according to Gardner ().
The notion of learning styles, and the multiple intelligence theory from which some of this derives, has come to be one of the dominant themes in the discourse on learning and teaching. Given that the data analysis of this study revealed that intelligence areas together could explain learning styles at level, we tend to take the position that it is unacceptable to believe that learning styles and intelligence areas are totally different from and irrelevant of each other.
The fields of psychology and education were revolutionized 30 years ago when the now world-renowned psychologist Howard Gardner published his book Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences,” which detailed a new model of human intelligence that went beyond the traditional view that there was a single kind that could be.
[Howard Gardner: ‘Multiple intelligences’ are not ‘learning styles’] Cognitive scientist Daniel Willingham has also written about this issue, and he does so again in this post, looking at why so many teachers believe that students really do have different learning styles — and why they are wrong.Download