Dionysus, the god of the mask, offers his worshippers the freedom to be someone other than themselves, and in doing so, the chance to achieve a Duality in the bacchae ecstasy through theater itself.
Also, for most of the play, he appears in his human disguise, the Stranger.
Looks like from the get-go there was some blurring of gender centered around Dionysus. Another interesting duality is that Dionysus is foreign and Greek at the same time.
If you want to learn more about Euripides and his work, check out TheatreHistory. A herdsman brings sensational reports from Mount Cithaeron that the Maenads are behaving especially strangely and performing incredible feats and miracles, and that the guards are unable to harm them with their weapons, while the women appear able to defeat them with only sticks.
These foreign practices are seen as especially threatening as they stand to corrupt all the women folk and to encourage the women to revolt against male authority and break the bonds tying them to their narrowly defined domestic sphere within a patriarchal society. What does this duality mean for the actions of the characters in the play who respond to Dionysus?
Or should we abandon the expectation that the world depicted in this tragedy is a just one? It also seems unlikely that he would have wished his depiction of the fervid enthusiasm of the Bacchantes to be regarded as his own last words on the subject, and even in this play he does not shrink from exposing the imperfections of the legend and alluding to the frailties and vices of the legendary deities.
At the moment of her death, however, Zeus saved the unborn Dionysushiding it from Hera by sewing the foetus up in his own thigh until it was ready to be born. Is this a satisfactory answer? Poor Euripides was always getting picked on.
Meanwhile, Dionysus has travelled throughout Asia gathering a cult of female worshippers the Bacchae, or Bacchantes, of the title, who are the Chorus of the playand has returned to his birthplace, Thebes, to take revenge on the ruling house of Cadmus for their refusal to worship him, and to vindicate his mother, Semele.
His son ended up directing the play for his deceased father. For humans, his ability to allow them to let go, when practiced in moderation, opens them to the festive, communal side of life.
Though, Dionysus is a god through and through, it seems like Euripides manages to in some ways tie him to the mortal world as well. Second, there are formal dualities, including the chorus versus the main action of the drama, and the events recounted versus the events enacted.
The Chorus is made up of his female Asian followers, and the Maenads are all the women of Thebes. Cadmus remarks that the god has punished the family rightly but excessively. Is Pentheus sympathetic simply because he dies? He blurs the division between comedy and tragedy, and even at the end of the play, Dionysus remains something of a mystery, a complex and difficult figure whose nature is difficult to pin down and describe, unknown and unknowable.
He inspires every single woman in Thebes to throw a big dance party in the woods. As he is hunted by the arrogant Pentheus, we see Pentheus as the villain. Pentheus is now even more eager to see the ecstatic women, and Dionysus wishing to humiliate and punish him convinces the king to dress as a female Maenad to avoid detection and go to the rites himself.
Dionysus easily slips from being hunted to being hunter, and ensnares Pentheus in his own desire to see the women. On other hand, the play also shows the dark side such festivities can create.
But when offered the chance by Dionysus, he moves from the margins to center stage of the drama himself.“The Bacchae”, also known as “The Bacchantes” (Gr: “Bakchai”), is a late tragedy by the ancient Greek playwright Euripides, and it is considered one of his best works and.
The Bacchae: What Euripides Really Meant by Laurel Lyman All of Athens crowded into the Acropolis theater, whispering to each other and silently wondering to themselves just who would be the great playwright of this year’s represented all that is duality and contrast.
In Euripides’ Bacchae, careful examination of the character Dionysus illuminates discrepancies in action based on gender. Ultimately, Dionysus’ effeminate nature compounded with his subversive measures toward women and male proclivities suggest an inherent duality.
Dionysus’ vacillation. What does this duality mean for the actions of the characters in the play who respond to Dionysus? Does it suggest a duality within us all? Siegfried Melchinger writes, "[Dionysus] is the center between the opposite poles, not the god of metamorphoses, but the god of dichotomy.
“The Bacchae”, also known as “The Bacchantes” (Gr: “Bakchai”), is a late tragedy by the ancient Greek playwright Euripides, and it is considered one of his best works and. This duality of animal and man, could be seen as a duality within a duality.
By taking both forms, Dionysus has one foot in nature and one in civilization.
In a way he's a bridge between the two forces.Download