Americans finally enjoyed a standard of living higher than the pre-Depression years. Their stories--drawn from private papers and photographs primarily in Library of Congress collections--open a window on a generation of women who changed American society forever by securing a place for themselves in the workplace, in the newsroom, and on the battlefield.
Meanwhile, big bands, most famously the orchestra headed by Glenn Millerand entertainers such as Bob Hope performed before thousands at military bases. During the war years, the decrease in the availability of men in the work force also led to an upsurge in the number of women holding non-war-related factory jobs.
One of the more notable was Pete Graya one-armed outfielder who appeared in 77 games for the St. The war was both a time of change in women's lives, and one in which the traditional claims of family remained strong. For many members of the nation's African-American population, the very location of their homes changed during the war years, as over half a million blacks migrated from the South to northern and western cities in search of war work.
Radar helped the British locate incoming German planes, and sonar made submarine detection much more feasible. There were, in fact, at least two different types of women—or two "Rosies"—performing war work.
Other players overcame debilitating wartime injuries. Navy Nurse Corpswho were then all women. During the spring ofa rationing program was established that set limits on the amount of gas, food and clothing consumers could purchase. Families were issued ration stamps that were used to buy their allotment of everything from meat, sugar, fat, butter, vegetables and fruit to gas, tires, clothing and fuel oil.
Clark Gablethe beloved, Academy Award-winning actor, served as a tail-gunner with the U.
Twelve million victims perished from Nazi atrocities in the Holocaust. Enlisted basic training was segregated for living, dining and training, but while living quarters remained segregated at officer training and specialist schools, dining and training facilities there were integrated.
Baseball and the Battlefield In JanuaryKenesaw Mountain Landisthe national commissioner of baseball, wrote a letter to President Roosevelt in which he asked if professional baseball should shut down for the duration of the war. In the short run, many of these economic opportunities were lost after the war.
The following year, he pitched three innings for the Washington Senators in a major league game. OverAmericans perished in the four years of involvement, an American death rate second only to the Civil War.
American women and other minorities clearly made significant contributions to the nation's bid to emerge victorious from the Second World War. Others participated directly in the fighting.
Meanwhile, individuals and communities conducted drives for the collection of scrap metal, aluminum cans and rubber, all of which were recycled and used to produce armaments. The first warship named for a woman to take part in combat operation, it was named after Lenah S.
Because baseball was depleted of so many able bodies, athletes who otherwise likely never would have made the big leagues won spots on rosters. Historian Ruth Milkman convincingly argues that while the federal government leant support to the notion of "equal pay for equal work" in war industries, companies circumvented this rule by giving different job titles to men and women who performed the same task.During World War II, women and minorities made economic gains mainly because.
Which statement identifies a change in American society during World War II?
Economic opportunities for women increased. Prior to United States entry into World War II, Congress passed the Cash-and-Carry Act of and the Lend-Lease Act of New Orleans Naval Giant During World War II Higgins Industries grew from a small business operating a single boatyard into the largest private employer in Louisiana.
The company turned out astounding numbers of boats and ships. Mar 10, · After the December 7,Japanese attack on the American naval fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, the U.S.
was thrust into World War II (), and everyday life across the country was. By the first years of American involvement in World War II, wartime manufacturing facilities had been established throughout the nation, creating a tremendous demand for labor.
Within months of the U.S. declaration of war, the national unemployment rate plummeted an astounding 10% from its level. The immediate cause for American entry into World War I was the.
German resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare. All of the following are true regarding the forced relocation and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II except. All of the following came about during the women's liberation movement in the s.
World War II significantly influenced the Allied victory. During the s, women served in the military, worked in government, entered or reentered the workforce, and contributed to the war.Download